Moral validity criterion
Nevertheless, a critical examination of the Ethic concept managed allows to show they do not go beyond the level of validity of social norms and values, being unable to find a criterion that guides legitimacy of the processes and decision making in the activity of the RRI . That is to say, they do not leave the validity level of social norms and values, being unable to find a criterion that guides the legitimacy of the processes and decision making in the activity of the RRI (Fernández Beltrán et al, 2017).
“The Responsible Research and Innovation process (RRI) entails that the different stakeholders establish the communicative, interactive and participative conditions required to reach the mentioned acceptability. Hence, discourse becomes the basis of ethics both in processes and results, and acceptability and desirability are established in that dialogue framework necessary in any RRI process where the following participant groups should be involved:
- Scientific Community executing the research: researchers, innovative and Scientific Community.
- Public Administration that has management and financing tasks; political decision-makers, political authorities and public administration.
- Companies, which may benefit, be financiers, and cooperate in communication and transfer: industries, companies and private companies.
d. Civil Society allowing dissemination but also the establishment of the RRI agenda and goals: society in a broad sense, from the third sector to citizenship.”
(García-Marzá, Fernández Beltrán, & Sanahuja, 2017, p. 115)
Therefore, it is necessary to develop and extend an Ethics Governance System for RRI in Higher Education, Funding and Research Centres that provides management structures (Ethna Office) and tools to make decisions in order to achieve responsible research and innovation from a critical and ethical point of view.